PADI RDP Open water dive table and Nitrox 32 and Nitrox 36 Table

PADI RDP Open water dive table and Nitrox 32 and Nitrox 36 Table

The PADI RDP (Recreational Dive Planner) dive table is a tool used by scuba divers to plan their dives. It helps divers to determine how long they can safely stay at a particular depth without exceeding their no-decompression limits. The table is based on the concept of nitrogen narcosis, which is a condition that can occur when divers breathe compressed air at depth. Nitrogen narcosis can cause symptoms such as dizziness, euphoria, and difficu

The PADI RDP dive table is divided into three sections:

  • The first section is the “no-decompression limits” table. This table shows the maximum amount of time a diver can spend at a particular depth without exceeding their no-decompression limits.
  • The second section is the “repetitive dive planning” table. This table shows the maximum amount of time a diver can spend at a particular depth after a previous dive.
  • The third section is the “ascent rate” table. This table shows the maximum rate at which a diver can ascend to the surface without exceeding their no-decompression limits.

To use the PADI RDP dive table, divers first need to determine their maximum depth and bottom time. They can then use the table to determine their no-decompression limits and ascent rate.

It is important to note that the PADI RDP dive table is only a guide. Divers should always consult with a qualified dive professional before planning a dive.

RDP Dive Table Imperial 1 RDP Dive Table Imperial 2 RDP Dive Table Matric 1 RDP Dive Table Matric 2

PADI Nitrox 32 and 36: A Detailed Comparison

PADI Nitrox 32 and 36 are two popular choices for enriched air diving, offering distinct benefits and drawbacks. Here’s a breakdown to help you understand their differences:

Oxygen Content:

  • Nitrox 32: 32% oxygen, 68% nitrogen
  • Nitrox 36: 36% oxygen, 64% nitrogen


Nitrox 32:

  • Longer bottom times: Compared to air, you can stay underwater longer at shallower depths.
  • Reduced surface intervals: Enables you to spend more time diving overall.
  • Lower risk of DCS: Improved nitrogen off-gassing reduces the chance of decompression sickness.
  • Increased safety: Longer bottom times and shorter intervals contribute to a safer experience.

Nitrox 36:

  • Even longer bottom times: Offers extended dives compared to both air and nitrox 32.
  • More efficient nitrogen off-gassing: Further reduces DCS risk.
  • Potential for deeper dives: Enables exploration of deeper reefs and wrecks within safe limits.


Nitrox 32:

  • Limited depth range: Compared to nitrox 36, you have to ascend earlier at deeper depths.
  • Oxygen toxicity risk: Requires closer monitoring of oxygen exposure to avoid potential health issues.

Nitrox 36:

  • Increased oxygen toxicity risk: Greater oxygen content demands stricter adherence to oxygen limits.
  • More conservative depth limitations: Despite deeper potential, stricter adherence to no-decompression limits is crucial.
  • Limited availability: Some dive centers might not offer nitrox 36 fills.

Choosing between Nitrox 32 and 36:

The best choice for you depends on your diving preferences and experience. Here are some factors to consider:

  • Diving depth: If you primarily dive shallower than 25 meters (80 feet), nitrox 32 offers a good balance of benefits and limitations. For deeper dives exceeding 25 meters, nitrox 36 might be more advantageous.
  • Dive experience: If you’re a new nitrox diver, starting with nitrox 32 is recommended to gain experience and ensure safe oxygen exposure management. As you gain confidence, you can progress to nitrox 36.
  • Personal preferences: Consider your individual comfort level and risk tolerance. If you prioritize longer bottom times and deeper dives, nitrox 36 might be more appealing. However, if you prefer a more conservative approach with lower oxygen exposure, nitrox 32 is a good choice.


  • Always complete the PADI Enriched Air Diver specialty course or equivalent before using Nitrox.
  • Use a nitrox-compatible dive computer or oxygen analyzer for accurate gas monitoring.
  • Follow safe diving practices and adhere to no-decompression limits.
  • Consult with a qualified dive professional for personalized advice based on your diving profile.

By understanding the differences between PADI Nitrox 32 and 36, you can make informed decisions about your enriched air diving experiences and enjoy exploring the underwater world safely and effectively.

Nitrox 36 table 1 MatricNitrox 36 table 2 MatricNitrox 36 table 1 Imperial Nitrox 36 table 2 ImperialNitrox 32 table 1 Matric Nitrox 32 table 2 Matric Nitrox 32 table 1 ImperialNitrox 32 table 2 Imperial

The Maximum Operating Depth (MOD) for Nitrox diving can be calculated using different formulas, depending on the specific set of factors you want to consider. Here are two common formulas:

1. MOD Based on Partial Pressure of Oxygen (ppO2):

This formula sets a maximum oxygen partial pressure limit of 1.4 bar (140 kPa) to prevent oxygen toxicity.

MOD = (1.4 bar - (0.5 * Dive Depth)) / Oxygen Content (% / 100)

2. MOD Based on No-Decompression Limits (NDL):

This formula uses the NDL for air and adjusts it based on the oxygen content of the Nitrox blend.

MOD = (NDL for Air * Oxygen Content (% / 21)) / 100


  • MOD: Maximum Operating Depth in meters
  • Dive Depth: Planned diving depth in meters
  • Oxygen Content: Oxygen percentage in the Nitrox blend
  • NDL for Air: No-decompression limit for air at the planned depth, obtained from dive tables or a dive computer


Calculate the MOD for a dive using Nitrox 32 at a depth of 20 meters:

Method 1:

  • ppO2 limit = 1.4 bar
  • Dive Depth = 20 meters
  • Oxygen Content = 32%
MOD = (1.4 bar - (0.5 * 20 meters)) / (32% / 100)
MOD = (1.4 bar - 10 meters) / 0.32
MOD ≈ 34.38 meters

Therefore, the maximum operating depth using Nitrox 32 at 20 meters is approximately 34.38 meters.

Method 2:

  • NDL for Air at 20 meters = 40 minutes (obtained from dive tables or a dive computer)
  • Oxygen Content = 32%
MOD = (40 minutes * 32% / 21) / 100
MOD ≈ 61.54 meters

This method provides a deeper MOD compared to the first method. However, it’s crucial to remember that exceeding the NDL can increase the risk of decompression sickness.

Important notes:

  • These formulas are for informational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for proper dive planning and training.
  • Always use a dive computer or Nitrox tables to calculate MOD and NDL accurately.
  • Consult with a qualified dive professional for personalized guidance on safe diving practices.
  • Remember, safety is paramount in diving. Always prioritize conservative dive profiles and adhere to all safety protocols.
Where to Snorkeling in Bali

Where to Snorkeling in Bali

Snorkeling Bali: Where, How Much, And What Will You See

Bali Snorkeling is a tropical island with a lot of places to snorkel. Choosing between the numerous locations can sometimes be challenging. The Nusa Penida islands are one of Bali’s most popular snorkeling spots. We will concentrate on snorkeling in Bali at Nusa Penida and explain why it is a good place to start your snorkeling adventure in this article.

Snorkeling In Nusa Penida Bali

Snorkeling is one of the most popular marine tourism activities that many visitors to Bali’s island are interested in participating in. On Bali’s island, there are numerous snorkeling spots to choose Amed, the island of Menjangan, Padang Bai, Tulamben, Tanjung Benoa, Nusa Dua, Nusa Lembongan, and the island of Nusa Penida.

The practice of snorkeling in Bali or skin diving (skin diving) in a nusa penida is known as “snorkeling in the nusa penida.” It entails wearing a mask, fin, or snorkel, or both, and observing the water.

What will we see in Nusa Penida?

There are stunning underwater views in the waters between Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and Nusa Ceningan. Consequently, a large number of international divers are interested in snorkeling or diving in Nusa Bali’s waters. In Nusa Penida, you can dive or snorkel to see the underwater landscape, which includes a variety of aquatic life and healthy coral reefs.

The Nusa Penida waters are home to 576 different species of reef fish and 296 different species of coral reefs, according to the Coral Triangle Center’s website. Depending on where you dive in Nusa Penida, the conditions of the coral reef can be excellent or poor. However, the majority of Nusa Penida’s coral reefs are still in good condition.

Green Sea Turtles, Manta Rays, Rainbow Eels, Mola-Mola, and Frogfish are examples of the underwater biota that you are most likely to see while snorkeling or diving.

How to get nusa penida ?

How do you get to Nusa Penida by ferry? There are four options for getting to Nusa Penida from the island of Bali.

1.from the port of Sanur Beach.

2.The Serangan port.

3.Harbor at Tribuana Kusamba.

4.Harbor at Padang Bai.

The majority of you will probably stay in? The Sanur beach in Bali is then the best route from southern Bali to Crystal Bay Nusa Penida.

To reach Toya Pakeh harbor in Nusa Penida, which is located at the Sanur beach port on the Bali island, you will take a quick boat.The one-way fast boat ticket cost approximately IDR 150,000 for adults and IDR 125,000 for children.

How much is snorkeling in Nusa penida ?

if it too complicated to arrange snorkeling trip by your self Bali Diving School can arrangr that trip for you. The price start $120usd if you want to see what include in the price you can visit diving and snorkeling price in bali page. 

Snorkeling In Tulamben (Usat Liberty Wreck)

Tulamben is a beach with black sand and smooth, fist-sized rocks.Tulamben Bay is well-known among divers for its Paradise Reef and Drop Off, in addition to the USAT Liberty Cargo.

USAT Liberty Wreck Inside

What will we see in Tulamben (USAt liberty wreck)?

During World War II, the USAT Liberty Cargo struck a Japanese submarine torpedo and sank.The ship was then deliberately docked on Tulamben’s rocky beach. The wreck was pushed back into the ocean at a depth of 3 to 29 meters below sea level when Mount Agung erupted in 1963. As a result, the wreck, which is easy to see, became one of Bali’s most popular tourist attractions.

Divers and snorkelers can swim just 20 meters off the shore to the 120-meter-long wreck.Numerous coral reefs that house hundreds of fish species cover the wreck. The wreck is home to around 100 species of pelagic fish and 400 species of reef fish, according to estimates.For a ship of this size, this number is remarkable.

If you dive at night, you might see amazing flashlight fishes (Anomalops katopotron) blinking like underwater fireflies in the black corals at the bow.

How to get there?

The village of Tulamben is located in the Kubu district of Karangasem in the east of Bali.It can be reached by car in about two and a half hours from Kuta and Denpasar. The coastal village has a view of the island’s eastern sea, where the USAT Liberty is adrift.

How much snorkeling in Tulamben (USAt liberty)

Price for snorkeling in tulamben is not that high it is around $89usd /person. What includes in the price check on here “price page”.

Snorkeling in Padang Bay

Make the best out of your tropical vacation with a quick dive into the crystal blue waters of Padangbai. This quaint town has a lot to offer when it comes to diving and snorkeling. You can go around the island to all the best Bali snorkeling  spots like Blue Lagoon, Jepun, and Ferry Channel

snorkeling in bali

What will we see in Padang Bay?

Jepun, the farthest snorkeling spot, has a colorful, shallow reef where you can see a wide range of amazing marine life.You might come across the entire “Nemo” cast, as well as parrot fish, octopus, moray eels, trumpet fish, and numerous other fish.The more daring swimmers may also venture deeper into the water in the hopes of spotting a timid reef shark or a barracuda that looks like a snake.

A different kind of reef can be found at Blue Lagoon, Bias Tuggal, and Temple. There are scattered coral babies there, as well as the occasional turtle, big ray, or squid pod.Blue Lagoon is a great place for beginners and families to snorkel due to its sandy bottom and relatively calm waters during normal weather when you do snorkeling in Bali.

How to get there?

The boat ride in Snorkel Padang Bai only 1 hour drive from sanur dan 5 minutes to go snorkeling site using traditional diving boat, but it’s a great time!You will have the opportunity to view the stunning coastline of Bali and discover the secluded beaches of Blue Lagoon and Bias Tuggal.

How much to do this?

Price for snorkeling in padang bay is $89usd / person please check this page to see the price inclisive “snorkeling price bali”.

Thats is all information about snorkeling in Bali. If you want to book your snorkeling trip, please contact us. We can arrange personal, group or family trip. You guys can see our testimonila at google business.

PERBEDAAN (Scuba School International) SSI DAN (Professional Association of Diving Instructors) PADI

PERBEDAAN (Scuba School International) SSI DAN (Professional Association of Diving Instructors) PADI

Sebagai salah satu olahraga ekstrim , menyelam tidak bisa dilakukan sembarang orang . Lisensi atau Sertifikat selam Wajib hukumnya dimiliki oleh seorang divers. Lisensi ini sebagai ijin untuk melakukan kegiatan penyelaman sekaligus bukti kemampuan serta identitas seorang penyelam. Tapi begitu banyak diving agency di dunia yang menyebabkan kita bingung untuk memilih. disini kami akan membahasa tentang dua agency besar di dunia yaitu SSI dan PADI, disni kami kan menjelaskan PERBEDAAN (Scuba School International) SSI DAN (Professional Association of Diving Instructors) PADI.


Mengingat Olahraga Selam bukan olahraga yang tidak memiliki resiko bahaya , Ketika sudah memiliki lisensi, penyelam dianggap memiliki kemampuan menyelam serta mengerti langkah apa yang harus dilakukan untuk keselamatan diri. Lisensi juga dapat memudahkan para penyelam untuk bergabung di berbagai komunitas diving seluruh dunia . Untuk mendapatkan lisensi selam harus melalui proses pembelajaran alat selam, skill-skill selam, dan pengetahuan teori mengenai penyelaman. Lisensi selam ini terbagi menjadi beberapa tingkatan, dari yang paling dasar untuk pemula kemudian meningkat menjadi seorang penyelam profesional. Scuba diving  Wajib memiliki lisensi seperti SSI dan PADI .


SSI dan PADI adalah dua organisai sertifikasi penyelam terbesar di dunia. Kulalifikasi mereka terkenal dimana saja dan saling berkesinambungan . Dari sudut pandang biaya , SSI seringkali sedikit lebih murah karena mereka biasanya tidak memaksa siswa untuk membeli manual untuk kursus sedangkan PADI Bersikeras untuk itu , mereka merasa bahwa review materi setelah kursus penting dan untuk mempertahankan tingkat pengetahuan. SSI lebih mementingkan yang disebut “CONFORT THROUGH REPETITION’ dimana divers diharuskan untuk  menghabiskan lebih banyak waktu di air.

PADI (Professional Association of Diving Instructors)

PADI  adalah organisasi sertifikasi selam terbesar dan paling luas di dunia didirikan oleh Ralph Erickson dan John Cronin pada tahun 1966 dan berpusat di California, Amerika Serikat. Padi Selalu mempertahankan standart mereka yang tinggi , mereka menawarkan pelatihan online , bahan bacaan juga video. Tetapi pengujian teoritis tidak dilakukan secara online , evaluasi dilakukan oleh instruktur yang bersangkutan .sertifikasi menyelam dari PADI banyak diincar oleh peminat diving karena diakui di belahan dunia manapun. Untuk mendapatkan kualifikasi dari PADI , divers diharuskan untuk mengikuti kursus secara tertulis dan latihan langsung di air.

Jenjang sertifikasi PADI :

#1. Open Water Diver

#2. Adventure Diver

#3. Advanced Open Water Diver

#4. Rescue Diver

#5. Master Scuba Diver

SSI (Scuba School International)

SSI( Scuba Schools International) didirikan tahun 1970.  Salah satu lembaga yang menawarkan kusus scuba diving dan freediving .Organisasi yang mengajar keterampilan yang terlibat dalam bisnis SCUBA diving dan resort ataupun penelitian. SSI lebih fokus pada teknik penyelaman dan juga memiliki program SCUBA rangers untuk anak-anak berusia 8-12 tahun.

Jenjang sertifikasi SSI :

#1. Basic diver.

#2. Open water diver.

#3. Advence diver.

#4. Rescue diver.

#5. Dive master.

#6. Instructor.

Pada dasarnya, program latihan anda akan sangat bergantung kepada karakteristik dan pengalaman instruktur yang membimbing anda. Jadi untuk memastikan anda mendapatkan pengalaman belajar yang terbaik , jangan  hanya menentukan dari organisasi divingnya, cari informasi lebih banyak ke dive center dan instruktur . Oleh itu, pilihlah program latihan dan metode bimbingan yang paling cocok untuk kebutuhan Anda

Diving Instructor Terbaik Bali

Diving Instructor Terbaik Bali

Mengapa Bali Menjadi Destinasi Diving Terbaik

Indonesia bukan hanya indah di Permukaan, tapi juga punya alam bawah laut yang menawan. Indonesia sebagai surganya taman bawah laut dengan terumbu karang , rerumputan laut , hingga aneka ikan warna-warni yang membuat wisata air menjadi tujuan wisatawan yang menarik untuk dicoba, salah satunya adalah Scuba Diving .

Banyak kalangan awam ingin mencoba menyelam atau scuba diving sebagai sarana rekreasi atau olahraga untuk kebugaran tubuh .

Open Water PADI Instructor PADI Elite Instructor Dhika Mei

Apa Itu Scuba Diving?

Scuba Diving adalah singkatan dari Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus , bisa disebut olahraga karena kegiatan ini mengandalkan pernafasan dan gerak tubuh.

Pelaku scuba diving akan bernapas melalui mulut menggunakan alat yang tersambung ke tangki oksigen di punggungnya . Scuba Diving menjadi aktivitas olahraga yang menantang sekaligus menyenangkan dan bisa meningkatkan adrenalin.

Untuk melakukan aktivitas menyelam ini , anda tidak bisa langsung terjun begitu saja kedalam air. Ada beberapa teknik diving dasar untuk pemula yang perlu anda perhatikan . Anda harus berlatih secara khusus dan mendapatkan sertifikat menyelam dari agensi sertifikasi yang diakui secara international .

Materi pelatihan scuba diving terdiri dari pelajaran di kelas , berlatih menyelam di kolam renang dan berlatih menyelam di perairan terbuka atau laut.Tidak jarang orang – orang memilih untuk mengambil kursus menyelam di dive operator/center sebelum melakukan kegiatan ini .

Wreck Diving Specialty Instructor SSI DhikaFirst aid CPR AED 02 Specialty Instructor SSI Dhika

Risiko Scuba Diving yang perlu diwaspadai

Scuba diving juga memiliki risiko tersendiri ,  yaitu :


kondisi cedera pada telinga bagian tengah karena meningkatnya tekanan bawah air . sebagai langkah pencegahannya biasanya para penyelam melakukan equalize atau ekualising . Caranya adalah dengan menghembuskan udara sembari menutup hidung , hal ini bertujuan untuk membuat telinga beradaptasi dengan kondisi tekanan tinggi di bawah permukaan laut.


terjadi saat anda berada di bawah air kehangatan akan hilang 20 kali lebih cepat dibandingkat saat berada di darat. Tanpa pelatihan yang tepat anda bisa langsung kedinginan.

Risiko risiko scuba diving tersebut sebetulnya jarang terjadi , kalaupun muncul kondisi ini biasanya menimpa penyelam pemula dan berlum berpengalaman yang nekad menyelam dengan teknik yang belum dikuasainya. Untuk itu bagi penyelam pemula sebaiknya tidak menyelam di laut sendirian paling tidak harus ditemani oleh pendaping professional, oleh dari itu sangat di sarankan menyelam didampingi oleh buddy atau  intruktur Diving.

Tips Memilih Diving Instructor Terbaik

Lakukan Riset

Cobalah untuk menelusuri website-nya , seperti apa tampilan website tersebut apakah terus di update dan sebagainya . jangan lupa juga melihat ulasan dan komentar konsumen sebelumnya , Cek juga social media nya , foto-fotonya dan iteraksinya terhadap pengikutnya .

Cek  Sertifikasi Yang dimiliki Instruktur

Mintalah para Instruktur selam untuk menunjukkan sertifikasi menyelam , minimal tingkat advace , rescue , specialist , master atau instruktur atau tingkat lanjut selain sertifikasi open water . ini penting karna sertifikasi menunjukkan seberapa banyak pengalaman mereka menyelam.

PADI InstructorSSI Instructor

Jangan Terkecoh Harga Murah ( Murah Belum Tentu Berkualitas )

Carilah dive center dengan instruktur yang memiliki pengalaman selam yang berpengalaman , memiliki status mitra resmi asosiasi selam yang terkenal seperti PADI atau SSI. Mungkin saja anda mendapatkan ‘hot deal’ dengan harga yang murah tetapi bisa jadi Instruktur belum memiiki pengalaman yang mumpuni akan membuat pengalaman diving kamu menjadi tidak baik.

Perhatikan bagaimana pelayanan dari instruktur . intruktur yang baik harus membantu memberikan  briefing yang tepat , menyediakan peralatan yang berkualitas dan dalam kondisi bagus serta dapat menciptakan rasa aman dan nyaman ketika kita berada di bawah air.

Sebaiknya hindari melakukan penyelaman seorang diri , sekalipun anda sudah mahir dan bersertifikasi. Pastikan setidaknya ada seorang pendamping yang perpengalaman bersama anda dapat membantu saat terjadi hal yang tidak di inginkan  saat berada di bawah air .

Bali Diving School sudah berpengalaman lebih dari 10 tahun dengan instrukur yang berpengalaman bernama Dhika Mei yang memilki dua seritifikasi SSI dan PADI.

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Sertifikasi yang di miliki Instructor Dhika Mei

Century 100 Instructor SSI Dhika Deep Specialty Instructor SSI Dhika Dive Guide Specialty Instructor SSI Dhika advance ssi Specialty instructor First aid CPR AED 02 Specialty Instructor SSI DhikaMarine Ecology Specialty Instructor SSI Dhika Navigation Specialty Instructor SSI Dhika Nitrox 40 Specialty Instructor SSI Dhika Scuba Ranger Specialty Instructor SSI Dhika Stress and Rescue Specialty Instructor SSI Dhika